5-Key Model for Reentry

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The 5-Key Model for Reentry

The 5-Key Model for Reentry is a data-driven reentry services approach that provides behavioral health-focused supports for individuals leaving incarceration and coming back home. Unlike many models that help people during this transition time (often called the reentry period), the 5-Key Model can be adapted for use with all individuals leaving incarceration, including those experiencing mental health or substance use disorders and high-risk individuals convicted of serious crimes.

The 5-Key Model is undergoing 4 phases of research: (1) proof of concept, pilot, and refine; (2) simplify and optimize; (3) impact and potency; and (4) dissemination and scale. The research is currently in phases 1 and 2 and is occurring across 7 states, more than 100 correctional facilities, and 24 rural and urban counties with over 3,000 individuals in the context of a randomized controlled trial.

The 5-Key Model was built by formerly incarcerated individuals, practitioners, and researchers and was grounded on a review of more than 100,000 program evaluations with criminal justice-involved and non-criminal justice-involved study samples. After closely examining these studies, the team identified the 5 Key Ingredients likely to best promote successful reentry. These 5 Key Ingredients include Healthy thinking patterns, Meaningful work trajectories, Effective coping strategies, Positive social engagement, and Positive interpersonal relationships. Drawing from comprehensive theoretical and empirical research, the team selected the most potent rehabilitative interventions and combined them into one service model to both engage clients in reentry services and adequately respond to the complex needs of individuals. The resulting 5-Key Model is a package of evidence-driven reentry service approaches that addresses each of the 5 Key ingredients. The 5-Key Model is designed to begin reentry preparation work as early as possible during an individual’s incarceration and continue the supports in the community after an individuals’ release from incarceration.

You can learn more about the overall 5-Key Model study methodology here, how the 5-Key Model was developed here, and all of the research reports, preliminary findings for policymakers, and academic publications on the 5-Key Model here.