Working Papers

title-inside title-centered
trauma informed care groups

Trauma-Informed Care Groups with Incarcerated Women

Published: | Author: Stephen Tripodi, Michael Killian, Matt Gilmore, Elizabeth Curley, Lauren Herod

Almost all incarcerated women have experienced at least one lifetime traumatic event that often leads to limited coping skills and mental health problems. This study evaluated two different trauma-informed care groups for incarcerated women – Seeking Safety and STAIR – and determined whether they improved women's coping self-efficacy and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and PTSD.

Category: Trauma, Incarcerated Women
trauma incarcerated men

Associations of Childhood and Adult Trauma on Substance Misuse and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Men

Published: | Author: John Moore, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Carrie Pettus-Davis

Men are overrepresented in prisons and report higher rates of trauma exposure than the general population. This study examines the role of trauma exposure across the lifespan on substance use disorder, mental health status, and emotional well-being among incarcerated individuals nearing community reentry. Childhood trauma exposure severity was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive episode, and reduced emotional well-being. Adult cumulative trauma exposure was significantly associated with substance use disorder.

Category: Trauma, Mental Health, Substance Use
well-being development model

The Well-Being Development Model: A New Conceptual Framework to Guide Transitional Reentry Services for Individuals Releasing from Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Learn about the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), the conceptual framework upon which the 5-Key Model for Reentry was built. This paper details the history of reentry and the development of this innovative well-being-oriented theoretical model by academic researchers, correctional stakeholders, practitioners, and individuals who had experienced incarceration. This paper is under review for publication.

Category: Well-Being
Young fathers in jail

Young Fathers in Jail: Associations Between Father Experiences, Father-Child Relationships and Community Stability

Published: | Author: Luyi Jian, Carrie Pettus-Davis

This study describes the characteristics of a sample of 103 jailed fathers aged 18 to 25 and explores associations between father experiences, father–child relationships, behavioral health factors, and return to incarceration. Results show jailed young fathers have several risk factors as well as strengths. Their father–child relationship is positively associated with training on fathering skills, employment experiences, and self-efficacy, and negatively associated with incarceration history.

Category: Parenting, Trauma
support4families

Support4Families: A model to support families of individuals returning home from incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis

Leaving incarceration and returning home affects individuals and their families; 90% of individuals releasing from prison rely on family for emotional, informational, instrumental, and tangible supports. Although positive family support during this reentry period is empirically linked to success, providing support takes a substantial emotional, social, and fiscal toll. Without intervention, positive family support may deteriorate or become negative.

Category: Social Support
unmet treatment need

Understanding unmet treatment need among formerly incarcerated men with substance use disorders: A mixed methods exploration

Published: | Author: Sara Beeler-Stinn, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis

This study identifies how formerly incarcerated men and their social support partners understand the treatment needs of substance use disorders how knowledge about substance use disorders impacts service utilization. Findings emphasize the need for psychoeducation during incarceration and after release on behavioral health issues and highlight the importance of incorporating social support into the treatment process.

Category: Reentry, Substance Use
Role of Preparatory Programs

The Role of Preparatory Programming in Increasing the Effectiveness of a Sex Offender Treatment Intervention

Published: | Author: Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Melissa D. Grady, David Edwards, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Katherine Kelton

Although the number of sex offender treatment programs has increased nationally (McGrath, Cumming, Burchard, Zeoli, & Ellerby, 2009), their effectiveness, as well as the components that produce the greatest impact, remains unknown.

Category: Sex Offenders