People Make Mistakes: Stakeholders' & Participants' Perspectives of Deferred Prosecution Programs
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Shelby Pederson, Elizabeth Curley, Annie Grier, Matthew Epperson, Leon Sawh
Deferred prosecution programs (DPPs – also known as diversion) are a type of prosecutor-led diversion program that diverts individuals from traditional court proceedings to participate in specific program requirements in return for dismissal or expungement of their charge(s). Yet, there is no standardized DPP model applied across programs and jurisdictions and there is little research regarding the implementation outcomes of these varied programs.
Category: Diversion, Deferred Prosecution
Protocol: Multi-site RCT of Comprehensive Trauma Informed Reentry Services for young males releasing from state prisons
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi, Sarah Tamburri
Research suggests untreated trauma symptoms contribute to high rates of incarceration and re-incarceration among young males. As trauma symptomatology can increase during reentry, implementing trauma treatment during this time is critical. This study evaluates the impact of the Resiliency in Stressful Experiences (RISE) program for 18-35-year-old incarcerated males releasing from prison and will provide critical information about how trauma-informed reentry programming impacts traditional reentry outcomes and identify key mechanisms of action.
Category: Study Protocol, Trauma, Men
| Author: Carrie Pettus
This article describes the onset of smart decarceration approaches, the historical context from which smart decarceration stems, and the societal momentum that led to the conceptualization of smart decarceration. Smart decarceration is a social work lead strategy and is one of the 12 Grand Challenges for Social Work. This article concludes with an overview of the current status of smart decarceration and details shifts and initiatives to pursue at the intersection of social work and smart decarceration.
Category: Smart Decarceration
Protocol: Multi-Site Feasibility Evaluation of Mobile & Technology-Assisted Aftercare Services for Crisis Stabilization Units
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Rachel Fulmer, Shelby Pederson, Jacob Eikenberry
Crisis Stabilization Units (CSUs) offer short-term stabilization services to persons experiencing a mental health or substance use-related crisis. Individuals can be admitted to CSUs through law enforcement decision and referral, however, little is known about this process. Additionally, once admitted, a significant challenge for CSUs is retaining individuals in treatment after their initial stabilization.
Category: Study Protocol, Post-Crisis Stabilization
Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi
Jail residents have disproportionate rates of behavioral health disorders (BHDs); untreated BHD symptoms bring people into jail settings and are associated with re-arrest after release. Although lack of motivation to seek out and engage in BHD treatment is often used to explain these outcomes, individuals may have limited knowledge about BHDs and their symptoms, when and why treatment is warranted, and how to access treatment. We propose a new construct called behavioral health literacy to facilitate linkage between individuals with BHDs and appropriate treatment options.
Category: Mental Health, Substance Use, Reentry
Associations of Childhood and Adult Trauma on Substance Misuse and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Men
| Author: John Moore, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Carrie Pettus-Davis
Men are overrepresented in prisons and report higher rates of trauma exposure than the general population. This study examines the role of trauma exposure across the lifespan on substance use disorder, mental health status, and emotional well-being among incarcerated individuals nearing community reentry. Childhood trauma exposure severity was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive episode, and reduced emotional well-being. Adult cumulative trauma exposure was significantly associated with substance use disorder.
Category: Trauma, Mental Health, Substance Use
Transforming Policy and Research on Reentry
| Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis
Failed transitions of individuals from incarceration back to communities—otherwise known as reentry—is one of the largest drivers of hyper-incarceration practices in the United States. Thirteen million people cycle through incarceration every year - 95% of whom come home to our shared communities and most will be re-incarcerated. Failed reentry is driven by a combination of structural barriers, public policy missteps, unwelcoming communities, and human agency. This chapter critiques what we know about failed reentry and proposes three “big ideas” for reforming reentry.
Understanding unmet treatment need among formerly incarcerated men with substance use disorders: A mixed methods exploration
| Author: Sara Beeler-Stinn, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis
This study identifies how formerly incarcerated men and their social support partners understand the treatment needs of substance use disorders how knowledge about substance use disorders impacts service utilization. Findings emphasize the need for psychoeducation during incarceration and after release on behavioral health issues and highlight the importance of incorporating social support into the treatment process.