White Papers

title-inside title-centered
Smart Decarceration

Smart Decarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus

This article describes the onset of smart decarceration approaches, the historical context from which smart decarceration stems, and the societal momentum that led to the conceptualization of smart decarceration. Smart decarceration is a social work lead strategy and is one of the 12 Grand Challenges for Social Work. This article concludes with an overview of the current status of smart decarceration and details shifts and initiatives to pursue at the intersection of social work and smart decarceration.

Category: Smart Decarceration
Protocol: Multi-Site Feasibility Evaluation of Mobile & Technology-Assisted Aftercare Services for Crisis Stabilization Units

Protocol: Multi-Site Feasibility Evaluation of Mobile & Technology-Assisted Aftercare Services for Crisis Stabilization Units

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Rachel Fulmer, Shelby Pederson, Jacob Eikenberry

Crisis Stabilization Units (CSUs) offer short-term stabilization services to persons experiencing a mental health or substance use-related crisis. Individuals can be admitted to CSUs through law enforcement decision and referral, however, little is known about this process. Additionally, once admitted, a significant challenge for CSUs is retaining individuals in treatment after their initial stabilization.

Category: Study Protocol, Post-Crisis Stabilization
Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi

Jail residents have disproportionate rates of behavioral health disorders (BHDs); untreated BHD symptoms bring people into jail settings and are associated with re-arrest after release. Although lack of motivation to seek out and engage in BHD treatment is often used to explain these outcomes, individuals may have limited knowledge about BHDs and their symptoms, when and why treatment is warranted, and how to access treatment. We propose a new construct called behavioral health literacy to facilitate linkage between individuals with BHDs and appropriate treatment options.

Category: Mental Health, Substance Use, Reentry
trauma incarcerated men

Associations of Childhood and Adult Trauma on Substance Misuse and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Men

Published: | Author: John Moore, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Carrie Pettus-Davis

Men are overrepresented in prisons and report higher rates of trauma exposure than the general population. This study examines the role of trauma exposure across the lifespan on substance use disorder, mental health status, and emotional well-being among incarcerated individuals nearing community reentry. Childhood trauma exposure severity was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive episode, and reduced emotional well-being. Adult cumulative trauma exposure was significantly associated with substance use disorder.

Category: Trauma, Mental Health, Substance Use
well-being development model

The Well-Being Development Model: A New Conceptual Framework to Guide Transitional Reentry Services for Individuals Releasing from Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Learn about the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), the conceptual framework upon which the 5-Key Model for Reentry was built. This paper details the history of reentry and the development of this innovative well-being-oriented theoretical model by academic researchers, correctional stakeholders, practitioners, and individuals who had experienced incarceration. This paper is under review for publication.

Category: Well-Being
transforming policy and research on reentry

Transforming Policy and Research on Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis

Failed transitions of individuals from incarceration back to communities—otherwise known as reentry—is one of the largest drivers of hyper-incarceration practices in the United States. Thirteen million people cycle through incarceration every year - 95% of whom come home to our shared communities and most will be re-incarcerated. Failed reentry is driven by a combination of structural barriers, public policy missteps, unwelcoming communities, and human agency. This chapter critiques what we know about failed reentry and proposes three “big ideas” for reforming reentry.

Category: Reentry
unmet treatment need

Understanding unmet treatment need among formerly incarcerated men with substance use disorders: A mixed methods exploration

Published: | Author: Sara Beeler-Stinn, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis

This study identifies how formerly incarcerated men and their social support partners understand the treatment needs of substance use disorders how knowledge about substance use disorders impacts service utilization. Findings emphasize the need for psychoeducation during incarceration and after release on behavioral health issues and highlight the importance of incorporating social support into the treatment process.

Category: Reentry, Substance Use