Associations of Childhood and Adult Trauma on Substance Misuse and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Men
| Author: John Moore, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Carrie Pettus-Davis
Men are overrepresented in prisons and report higher rates of trauma exposure than the general population. This study examines the role of trauma exposure across the lifespan on substance use disorder, mental health status, and emotional well-being among incarcerated individuals nearing community reentry. Childhood trauma exposure severity was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive episode, and reduced emotional well-being. Adult cumulative trauma exposure was significantly associated with substance use disorder.
Category: Trauma, Mental Health, Substance Use
The Well-Being Development Model: A New Conceptual Framework to Guide Transitional Reentry Services for Individuals Releasing from Incarceration
| Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy
Learn about the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), the conceptual framework upon which the 5-Key Model for Reentry was built. This paper details the history of reentry and the development of this innovative well-being-oriented theoretical model by academic researchers, correctional stakeholders, practitioners, and individuals who had experienced incarceration. This paper is under review for publication.
Transforming Policy and Research on Reentry
| Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis
Failed transitions of individuals from incarceration back to communities—otherwise known as reentry—is one of the largest drivers of hyper-incarceration practices in the United States. Thirteen million people cycle through incarceration every year - 95% of whom come home to our shared communities and most will be re-incarcerated. Failed reentry is driven by a combination of structural barriers, public policy missteps, unwelcoming communities, and human agency. This chapter critiques what we know about failed reentry and proposes three “big ideas” for reforming reentry.
Young Fathers in Jail: Associations Between Father Experiences, Father-Child Relationships and Community Stability
| Author: Luyi Jian, Carrie Pettus-Davis
This study describes the characteristics of a sample of 103 jailed fathers aged 18 to 25 and explores associations between father experiences, father–child relationships, behavioral health factors, and return to incarceration. Results show jailed young fathers have several risk factors as well as strengths. Their father–child relationship is positively associated with training on fathering skills, employment experiences, and self-efficacy, and negatively associated with incarceration history.
Understanding unmet treatment need among formerly incarcerated men with substance use disorders: A mixed methods exploration
| Author: Sara Beeler-Stinn, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis
This study identifies how formerly incarcerated men and their social support partners understand the treatment needs of substance use disorders how knowledge about substance use disorders impacts service utilization. Findings emphasize the need for psychoeducation during incarceration and after release on behavioral health issues and highlight the importance of incorporating social support into the treatment process.