Research Reports

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An Introductory Report of the Post-Crisis Stabilization Project and the Recruited Participants

An Introductory Report of the Post-Crisis Stabilization Project and the Recruited Participants

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Rachel Fulmer, Shelby Pederson

Crisis Stabilization Units (CSUs) are short-term public receiving facilities for individuals experiencing a mental health or substance-related crisis. The goal of the CSU is to quickly stabilize individuals, often within 72hours, and then connect them to additional systems of support in the community. 

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Housing Stability After Incarceration

Housing Stability After Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

This brief report examines changes in where and with whom individuals live, whether they consider themselves to be homeless, and whether they are paying rent or mortgage where they stay between leaving prison to 14-months post-release. These findings are situated within the broader context of reentry support, exploring the impact of both incarceration and reentry on families and the need to focus resources on those most in need.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Trauma-Based Intervention for Adults Releasing from Jail

Trauma-Based Intervention for Adults Releasing from Jail

Published: | Author: Stephen Tripodi, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus, Elizabeth Curley, Laura Bedard

Learn more about an innovative trauma-based intervention delivered to individuals releasing from a local jail in Florida. This report highlights all aspects of the study, showcases participants' perceptions of participation in trauma-based programming, and presents data on how the intervention affected participants' well-being and behavioral health after completion. 

Category: Trauma
Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Published: | Author: Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy, Carrie Pettus

A growing number of scholars and reentry practitioners are seeking alternative approaches to identify how community stability and success can be measured for those returning home from incarceration to our communities. Our team developed a well-being-oriented conceptual framework – the Well-Being Development Model – and a manualized reentry program approach – the 5-Key Model for Reentry – which focus on human potential and thriving. We needed a tool to assess the theoretical validity of our model, the strategies for assigning people to the right supports, and the impact of the 5-Key Model on participant outcomes. The results of the validation study presented in this report confirm that the Reentry Well-Being Assessment Tool is an appropriate means for assessing these three factors.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
Brief Report: COVID-19's Impact on Reentry Research

Brief Report: COVID-19's Impact on Reentry Research

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

When the COVID-19 pandemic began to impact communities across the United States in March 2020, most community members were concerned about how their lives would be affected. Researchers with ongoing studies were also concerned about how the pandemic would affect their ability to assess outcomes in their ongoing research. We anticipated that the pandemic might make it more difficult to detect the impact of the 5-Key Model on well-being outcomes given how drastically everyone in the country’s lives were impacted by the pandemic – and responses to control the pandemic – even those without a history of incarceration. Learn about the results of our analysis in this brief report.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Stories of Hope and Change 5-Key Model

Stories of Hope and Change

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents interviews conducted with four 5-Key Model participants. Participants describe their lives and tell stories about overcoming challenges and finding success. They also describe how the 5 Keys helped them to make significant, positive changes to their lives and the ways 5-Key Model practitioners supported them in making these changes.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Preliminary findings from the 5-Key Model study suggest that participation in 5-Key Model services was associated with reduced reincarceration at 8 and 15 months post-release. Increased overall well-being and increased well-being on each of the 5 Keys were also associated with reduced reincarceration; those receiving the 5-Key Model had higher levels of well-being at 15 months post-release. Although the amount of 5-Key Model program engagement varied, individuals who received more sessions of 5-Key Model programming reported higher levels of employment, overall well-being, and less substance use at 15 months post-release. 

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Ninth Quarterly Report.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
trauma before jail

Traumatic experiences before incarceration in a county jail

Published: | Author: Stephen Tripodi, Elizabeth Curley, Sierra Ross

This report describes the traumatic experiences of individuals prior to their incarceration in a county jail. Nearly 70% of study participants experienced a traumatic event in the year prior to their incarceration, with the majority of those affected reporting more than one traumatic event. Among study participants, 24% were violently assaulted, 15% lost a loved one to homicide, 18% witnessed a serious injury or death, 26% experienced a serious health incident, and 35% received news of the death or injury of a loved one. 

Category: Trauma
covid-19 incarceration and reentry

COVID-19, Incarceration, and Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy, Faye Miller

This report presents data on the COVID-19 related experiences of incarcerated individuals and individuals recently released from incarceration. Study participants report how they learned about COVID-19 while incarcerated and identified the strategies both the facilities they were incarcerated in and they themselves as individuals took to prevent infection. They described stress, anxiety, fear, and worry as they reflected on their incarceration during COVID-19. Some participants were frustrated by a lack of timely, direct communication from the facility about COVID-19 and were concerned that they were unable to physically distance from others in the prison. Participants also described the challenges they faced with reentry related to COVID-19.

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Eighth Quarterly Report.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being, COVID-19
opioid crisis 5-key model

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG 5-KEY MODEL STUDY PARTICIPANTS

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in our first four 5-Key Model Phase 1 states - Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas - as they leave incarceration and return home. Reentry is a high-risk time for those who use opioids and are diagnosed with opioid use disorders. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Pennsylvania

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Pennsylvania

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Pennsylvania as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Texas

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Texas

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Texas as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Kentucky

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Kentucky

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Kentucky as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Florida

The opioid crisis among individuals who have experienced incarceration in Florida

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Florida as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Seventh Quarterly Report.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry