5-Key Model for Reentry

Housing Stability After Incarceration

Housing Stability After Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

This brief report examines changes in where and with whom individuals live, whether they consider themselves to be homeless, and whether they are paying rent or mortgage where they stay between leaving prison to 14-months post-release. These findings are situated within the broader context of reentry support, exploring the impact of both incarceration and reentry on families and the need to focus resources on those most in need.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Published: | Author: Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy, Carrie Pettus

A growing number of scholars and reentry practitioners are seeking alternative approaches to identify how community stability and success can be measured for those returning home from incarceration to our communities. Our team developed a well-being-oriented conceptual framework – the Well-Being Development Model – and a manualized reentry program approach – the 5-Key Model for Reentry – which focus on human potential and thriving.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
Brief Report: COVID-19's Impact on Reentry Research

Brief Report: COVID-19's Impact on Reentry Research

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

When the COVID-19 pandemic began to impact communities across the United States in March 2020, most community members were concerned about how their lives would be affected.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Stories of Hope and Change 5-Key Model

Stories of Hope and Change

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents interviews conducted with four 5-Key Model participants. Participants describe their lives and tell stories about overcoming challenges and finding success. They also describe how the 5 Keys helped them to make significant, positive changes to their lives and the ways 5-Key Model practitioners supported them in making these changes.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Preliminary findings from the 5-Key Model study suggest that participation in 5-Key Model services was associated with reduced reincarceration at 8 and 15 months post-release. Increased overall well-being and increased well-being on each of the 5 Keys were also associated with reduced reincarceration; those receiving the 5-Key Model had higher levels of well-being at 15 months post-release.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
covid-19 incarceration and reentry

COVID-19, Incarceration, and Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy, Faye Miller

This report presents data on the COVID-19 related experiences of incarcerated individuals and individuals recently released from incarceration. Study participants report how they learned about COVID-19 while incarcerated and identified the strategies both the facilities they were incarcerated in and they themselves as individuals took to prevent infection.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being, COVID-19
opioid crisis 5-key model

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG 5-KEY MODEL STUDY PARTICIPANTS

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in our first four 5-Key Model Phase 1 states - Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas - as they leave incarceration and return home.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Kentucky

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Kentucky

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Kentucky as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Pennsylvania

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Pennsylvania

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Pennsylvania as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Texas

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Texas

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Texas as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Florida

The opioid crisis among individuals who have experienced incarceration in Florida

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Florida as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data on reasons other than criminal behavior that 5-Key Model study participants report they were re-arrested.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
perspectives

Early Lessons from the Multistate Study of the 5-Key Model for Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This chapter presents key themes that have emerged during Phase 1 of the 5-Key Model study, currently being implemented in Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas. In addition to describing the 5-Key Model intervention and the study sample, the authors explore the psychological toll of reentry on individuals and families, barriers to reentry success and how the 5-Key Model responds to those barriers, and the early deaths of study participants after they released from incarceration and returned home.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
5-Key preliminary policy results

Employment and Behavioral Health-5-Key Model Preliminary Results for Policy Stakeholders

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh

This report features preliminary 5-Key Model results on study participant employment and behavioral health outcomes approximately eight months post-release. Results are presented by state to maximize usefulness to policy stakeholders.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers