Reentry

The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This article proposes a new conceptual framework, the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), to support the development, implementation, and assessment of innovative reentry interventions designed to increase well-being among the millions of individuals released from prisons and jails each year. In contrast to prominent models guiding reentry services, the WBDM increases incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals’ capacity to reach their full potential while addressing common problems and barriers to success.

Category: Well-Being, Reentry
victims and offenders

Young Fathers in Jail: Associations between Father Experiences, Father–Child Relationships, and Community Stability

Published: | Author: Luyi Jian, Carrie Pettus, Patricia Kohl

Research on paternal incarceration has paid less attention to young fathers incarcerated in jail settings where most residents are either pretrial detained or serving out short sentences. This study describes 103 jailed fathers aged 18 to 25, and explores associations between father experiences, father–child relationships, behavioral health factors, and recidivism. Results show jailed young fathers have several risk factors as well as strengths.

Category: Parenting, Reentry
Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi

Jail residents have disproportionate rates of behavioral health disorders (BHDs); untreated BHD symptoms bring people into jail settings and are associated with re-arrest after release. Although lack of motivation to seek out and engage in BHD treatment is often used to explain these outcomes, individuals may have limited knowledge about BHDs and their symptoms, when and why treatment is warranted, and how to access treatment. We propose a new construct called behavioral health literacy to facilitate linkage between individuals with BHDs and appropriate treatment options.

Category: Mental Health, Substance Use, Reentry
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
trauma during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Seventh Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which details extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after release from prison including losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death, learning about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing vital resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
transforming policy and research on reentry

Transforming Policy and Research on Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis

Failed transitions of individuals from incarceration back to communities—otherwise known as reentry—is one of the largest drivers of hyper-incarceration practices in the United States. Thirteen million people cycle through incarceration every year - 95% of whom come home to our shared communities and most will be re-incarcerated. Failed reentry is driven by a combination of structural barriers, public policy missteps, unwelcoming communities, and human agency. This chapter critiques what we know about failed reentry and proposes three “big ideas” for reforming reentry.

Category: Reentry
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data on reasons other than criminal behavior that 5-Key Model study participants report they were re-arrested.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
perspectives

Early Lessons from the Multistate Study of the 5-Key Model for Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This chapter presents key themes that have emerged during Phase 1 of the 5-Key Model study, currently being implemented in Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas. In addition to describing the 5-Key Model intervention and the study sample, the authors explore the psychological toll of reentry on individuals and families, barriers to reentry success and how the 5-Key Model responds to those barriers, and the early deaths of study participants after they released from incarceration and returned home.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Sixth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which presents reasons other than criminal behavior for which study participants report they were re-arrested. These technical violations significantly contribute to recidivism across the nation and bring hundreds of thousands back to jail every year. Readers are asked to consider whether current policy meets the stated goals of probation and parole.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report highlights the reentry period - leaving incarceration and returning home - as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. 

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fifth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which highlights reentry as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. Composite cases of 6 individuals are presented, each representing typical life experiences of individuals who die soon after leaving prison. 

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report contains interviews from four study participants involved in the 5-Key Model. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. The interview explored participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and solicited advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Fourth Quarterly Report.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fourth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which contains interviews from four study participants. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. Interviews explore participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and their advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
CriminalJusticeandBehavior

Pathways to Recidivism for women released from prison:A Mediated model

Published: | Author: Stephen Tripodi, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Kimberly Bender, Michael Fitzgerald, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Findings showed no direct relationship between childhood trauma and reincarceration for women in the sample, although there was a significant mediated relationship from childhood trauma to depression to reincarceration. Results suggest the importance of addressing incarcerated women’s trauma before release, assessing for depression, and using empirically-supported interventions to treat depression when applicable.

Category: Incarcerated Women, Reentry
Accelerating Science Using the Research-to-Practice Feedback Loop

Accelerating Science Using the Research-to-Practice Feedback Loop

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

The report details the implementation of a Research-to-Practice Feedback Loop and how this Feedback Loop has been used to overcome challenges and adapt both the 5-Key Model intervention and how the intervention is delivered to individuals as they release from prison. The Feedback Loop provides space for practitioners, study participants, and researchers to identify areas for improvement and formalizes a process to ensure that any changes made are consistent with the original model, acceptable to all parties, and implemented fairly across all study sites.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry