People Make Mistakes: Stakeholders' & Participants' Perspectives of Deferred Prosecution Programs
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Shelby Pederson, Elizabeth Curley, Annie Grier, Matthew Epperson, Leon Sawh
Deferred prosecution programs (DPPs – also known as diversion) are a type of prosecutor-led diversion program that diverts individuals from traditional court proceedings to participate in specific program requirements in return for dismissal or expungement of their charge(s). Yet, there is no standardized DPP model applied across programs and jurisdictions and there is little research regarding the implementation outcomes of these varied programs.
Category: Diversion, Deferred Prosecution
Protocol: Multi-site RCT of Comprehensive Trauma Informed Reentry Services for young males releasing from state prisons
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi, Sarah Tamburri
Research suggests untreated trauma symptoms contribute to high rates of incarceration and re-incarceration among young males. As trauma symptomatology can increase during reentry, implementing trauma treatment during this time is critical. This study evaluates the impact of the Resiliency in Stressful Experiences (RISE) program for 18-35-year-old incarcerated males releasing from prison and will provide critical information about how trauma-informed reentry programming impacts traditional reentry outcomes and identify key mechanisms of action.
Category: Study Protocol, Trauma, Men
Measuring Well-Being During Reentry
| Author: Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy, Carrie Pettus
A growing number of scholars and reentry practitioners are seeking alternative approaches to identify how community stability and success can be measured for those returning home from incarceration to our communities. Our team developed a well-being-oriented conceptual framework – the Well-Being Development Model – and a manualized reentry program approach – the 5-Key Model for Reentry – which focus on human potential and thriving.
Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy
This article proposes a new conceptual framework, the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), to support the development, implementation, and assessment of innovative reentry interventions designed to increase well-being among the millions of individuals released from prisons and jails each year. In contrast to prominent models guiding reentry services, the WBDM increases incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals’ capacity to reach their full potential while addressing common problems and barriers to success.
Category: Well-Being, Reentry
| Author: Carrie Pettus
This article describes the onset of smart decarceration approaches, the historical context from which smart decarceration stems, and the societal momentum that led to the conceptualization of smart decarceration. Smart decarceration is a social work lead strategy and is one of the 12 Grand Challenges for Social Work. This article concludes with an overview of the current status of smart decarceration and details shifts and initiatives to pursue at the intersection of social work and smart decarceration.
Category: Smart Decarceration
Young Fathers in Jail: Associations between Father Experiences, Father–Child Relationships, and Community Stability
| Author: Luyi Jian, Carrie Pettus, Patricia Kohl
Research on paternal incarceration has paid less attention to young fathers incarcerated in jail settings where most residents are either pretrial detained or serving out short sentences. This study describes 103 jailed fathers aged 18 to 25, and explores associations between father experiences, father–child relationships, behavioral health factors, and recidivism. Results show jailed young fathers have several risk factors as well as strengths.
Protocol: Multi-Site Feasibility Evaluation of Mobile & Technology-Assisted Aftercare Services for Crisis Stabilization Units
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Rachel Fulmer, Shelby Pederson, Jacob Eikenberry
Crisis Stabilization Units (CSUs) offer short-term stabilization services to persons experiencing a mental health or substance use-related crisis. Individuals can be admitted to CSUs through law enforcement decision and referral, however, little is known about this process. Additionally, once admitted, a significant challenge for CSUs is retaining individuals in treatment after their initial stabilization.
Category: Study Protocol, Post-Crisis Stabilization
Brief Report: COVID-19's Impact on Reentry Research
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy
When the COVID-19 pandemic began to impact communities across the United States in March 2020, most community members were concerned about how their lives would be affected.
Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi
Jail residents have disproportionate rates of behavioral health disorders (BHDs); untreated BHD symptoms bring people into jail settings and are associated with re-arrest after release. Although lack of motivation to seek out and engage in BHD treatment is often used to explain these outcomes, individuals may have limited knowledge about BHDs and their symptoms, when and why treatment is warranted, and how to access treatment. We propose a new construct called behavioral health literacy to facilitate linkage between individuals with BHDs and appropriate treatment options.
Category: Mental Health, Substance Use, Reentry
Stories of Hope and Change
| Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy
This report presents interviews conducted with four 5-Key Model participants. Participants describe their lives and tell stories about overcoming challenges and finding success. They also describe how the 5 Keys helped them to make significant, positive changes to their lives and the ways 5-Key Model practitioners supported them in making these changes.