Well-Being

Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Published: | Author: Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy, Carrie Pettus

A growing number of scholars and reentry practitioners are seeking alternative approaches to identify how community stability and success can be measured for those returning home from incarceration to our communities. Our team developed a well-being-oriented conceptual framework – the Well-Being Development Model – and a manualized reentry program approach – the 5-Key Model for Reentry – which focus on human potential and thriving.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This article proposes a new conceptual framework, the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), to support the development, implementation, and assessment of innovative reentry interventions designed to increase well-being among the millions of individuals released from prisons and jails each year. In contrast to prominent models guiding reentry services, the WBDM increases incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals’ capacity to reach their full potential while addressing common problems and barriers to success.

Category: Well-Being, Reentry
Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Preliminary findings from the 5-Key Model study suggest that participation in 5-Key Model services was associated with reduced reincarceration at 8 and 15 months post-release. Increased overall well-being and increased well-being on each of the 5 Keys were also associated with reduced reincarceration; those receiving the 5-Key Model had higher levels of well-being at 15 months post-release.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
covid-19 incarceration and reentry

COVID-19, Incarceration, and Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy, Faye Miller

This report presents data on the COVID-19 related experiences of incarcerated individuals and individuals recently released from incarceration. Study participants report how they learned about COVID-19 while incarcerated and identified the strategies both the facilities they were incarcerated in and they themselves as individuals took to prevent infection.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being, COVID-19
equity

How research at IJRD examines equity throughout the criminal justice system

Published: | Author: Institute for Justice Research and Development

Learn how our work at IJRD promotes racial and economic equity throughout the criminal justice system - from an individual's first contact with law enforcement to their return home from prison.

Category: Well-Being, racial and economic equity
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
trauma during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Seventh Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which details extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after release from prison including losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death, learning about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing vital resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data on reasons other than criminal behavior that 5-Key Model study participants report they were re-arrested.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
perspectives

Early Lessons from the Multistate Study of the 5-Key Model for Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This chapter presents key themes that have emerged during Phase 1 of the 5-Key Model study, currently being implemented in Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas. In addition to describing the 5-Key Model intervention and the study sample, the authors explore the psychological toll of reentry on individuals and families, barriers to reentry success and how the 5-Key Model responds to those barriers, and the early deaths of study participants after they released from incarceration and returned home.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Sixth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which presents reasons other than criminal behavior for which study participants report they were re-arrested. These technical violations significantly contribute to recidivism across the nation and bring hundreds of thousands back to jail every year. Readers are asked to consider whether current policy meets the stated goals of probation and parole.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report highlights the reentry period - leaving incarceration and returning home - as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. 

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fifth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which highlights reentry as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. Composite cases of 6 individuals are presented, each representing typical life experiences of individuals who die soon after leaving prison. 

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report contains interviews from four study participants involved in the 5-Key Model. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. The interview explored participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and solicited advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Fourth Quarterly Report.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fourth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which contains interviews from four study participants. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. Interviews explore participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and their advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
journal of offender rehabilitation

Intervention development study of the five-key model for reentry: An evidence-driven prisoner reentry intervention

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Jacob Eikenberry

Over the past decade and a half, substantial resources were poured into the development of prisoner reentry programs. However, the excitement that surrounded the initial rollout of reentry programs has begun to wane from a lack of substantive change to the number of individuals who return to prison. Therefore, this article details the development of an intervention that can provide a new path forward for prisoner reentry programs.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being