Carrie Pettus-Davis

Correlates of post-traumatic stress among victimized women on probation and parole

Correlates of post-traumatic stress among victimized women on probation and parole

Published: | Author: Stephanie Prost, Seana Golder, George E. Higgins, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Tonya Edmond, TK Logan

The current study aimed to identify the correlates of post-traumatic stress among a sample of women on probation and parole with a history of victimization. Community-based sampling was used to recruit 406 women on probation and parole in Jefferson County, Kentucky.

Category: Victimization, Women, Probation and Parole
international journal of prisoner health

Incarcerated individuals’ experiences of COVID-19 in the United States

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy, Christopher Veeh

This study examines steps taken by correctional staff and incarcerated individuals to reduce transmission risk for COVID-19. Data were drawn from interviews with 327 individuals incarcerated in 3 states. Overall, 9.9% of participants contracted COVID-19. Most participants wore face masks, washed hands, and practiced physical distancing. Participants reported that most facilities suspended visitation and volunteers, provided face masks, and sanitized. Few individuals were released early. Data indicate early adoption of many CDC guidelines, although state variation existed. 

Category: COVID-19
families in society journal

Support4Families: A Proposed Intervention Model to Support Families of Individuals Returning Home From Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis

Leaving incarceration and returning home (i.e., reentry) affects individuals and their families; 90% of individuals releasing from prison rely on family for critical reentry supports. Although positive family support during this period is empirically linked to an individual’s success, providing support can place a substantial emotional, social, and fiscal toll on family units.

Category: Social Support
Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Associations between Well-Being and Reincarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Preliminary findings from the 5-Key Model study suggest that participation in 5-Key Model services was associated with reduced reincarceration at 8 and 15 months post-release. Increased overall well-being and increased well-being on each of the 5 Keys were also associated with reduced reincarceration; those receiving the 5-Key Model had higher levels of well-being at 15 months post-release.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
victims and offenders

The Role of Preparatory Programming in Increasing the Effectiveness of a Sex Offender Treatment Intervention

Published: | Author: Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Melissa D. Grady, David Edwards, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Katherine Kelton

Increasing the effectiveness of programs designed to treat individuals who have sexually offended is a critical step in reducing the rates of sexual violence in our communities. Yet, the research on such programs have yielded inconsistent results with regards to their effectiveness in reducing sexual recidivism among participants. Some researchers have explored whether the dose of treatment impacts recidivism, but there remains limited knowledge around the dose-response relationship for individuals who have sexually offended.

Category: Sex Offenders
covid-19 incarceration and reentry

COVID-19, Incarceration, and Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy, Faye Miller

This report presents data on the COVID-19 related experiences of incarcerated individuals and individuals recently released from incarceration. Study participants report how they learned about COVID-19 while incarcerated and identified the strategies both the facilities they were incarcerated in and they themselves as individuals took to prevent infection.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being, COVID-19
opioid crisis 5-key model

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG 5-KEY MODEL STUDY PARTICIPANTS

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in our first four 5-Key Model Phase 1 states - Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas - as they leave incarceration and return home.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Kentucky

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Kentucky

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Kentucky as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Pennsylvania

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Pennsylvania

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Pennsylvania as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Texas

THE OPIOID CRISIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED INCARCERATION IN Texas

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Texas as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry
opioid crisis in Florida

The opioid crisis among individuals who have experienced incarceration in Florida

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Shelby Pederson

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Florida as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
survey doc prison-based programming

A Point-In-Time Survey of State Department of Corrections Prison-based Programming

Published: | Author: Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Research indicates that providing services to incarcerated individuals increases the chance that they will be successful upon reentry to communities. The current study assessed the provision of services (i.e. trauma and reentry) in state departments of corrections (DOCs) throughout the United States. DOCs from all fifty states and the District of Columbia were contacted to determine what services were provided to prisoners, with 44 of 51 providing responses. Results suggest that DOCs provide a range of programming, as well as assessments.

Category: In-Prison Intervention
reforms to barriers

Reforms of Policy Barriers to Positive & Productive Community Engagement of Individuals with Felony Histories

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Sheree Hickman

Over the past four decades, civil disability policies have proliferated throughout the United States in tandem with the rising use of criminal sanction as social policy. There are currently more than 45,000 different state and federal statutes that impose a type of civil disability on individuals with a felony conviction. This preliminary report provides a brief overview of the reform efforts that have thus far been enacted, but not introduced, to either eliminate or ameliorate existing civil disability policies at the state level between 2010 and 2017.

Category: Civil Disabilities
guideposts for smart decarceration

Guideposts for the Era of Smart Decarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Matthew Epperson, Annie Grier

Despite the expansion of efforts to reduce jail and prison populations and reform criminal justice policy and practice, a comprehensive, inclusive, and actionable approach has been relatively absent from the conversation. Such an approach is only possible if criminal justice stakeholders agree upon the foundational objectives that can generate lasting decarceration. In this report, we offer guideposts and actionable strategies for the era of smart decarceration in America.

Category: Smart Decarceration