Carrie Pettus-Davis

well-being development model

The Well-Being Development Model: A New Conceptual Framework to Guide Transitional Reentry Services for Individuals Releasing from Incarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Learn about the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), the conceptual framework upon which the 5-Key Model for Reentry was built. This paper details the history of reentry and the development of this innovative well-being-oriented theoretical model by academic researchers, correctional stakeholders, practitioners, and individuals who had experienced incarceration. This paper is under review for publication.

Category: Well-Being
opioid crisis in Florida

The opioid crisis among individuals who have experienced incarceration in Florida

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis

Learn how opioid use affects individuals in Florida as they leave incarceration and return home. The reentry period is a high-risk time for individuals who use opioids and for those diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Policy recommendations include infusing the Opioid Use Disorder Continuum of Care into both correctional and community-based settings to increase screening, linkage, initiation, and retention of affected individuals into prevention or treatment services. 

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
trauma during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
trauma during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Seventh Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which details extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after release from prison including losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death, learning about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing vital resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
reforms to barriers

Reforms of Policy Barriers to Positive & Productive Community Engagement of Individuals with Felony Histories

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh, Sheree Hickman

Over the past four decades, civil disability policies have proliferated throughout the United States in tandem with the rising use of criminal sanction as social policy. There are currently more than 45,000 different state and federal statutes that impose a type of civil disability on individuals with a felony conviction. This preliminary report provides a brief overview of the reform efforts that have thus far been enacted, but not introduced, to either eliminate or ameliorate existing civil disability policies at the state level between 2010 and 2017.

Category: Civil Disabilities
guideposts for smart decarceration

Guideposts for the Era of Smart Decarceration

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Matthew Epperson, Annie Grier

Despite the expansion of efforts to reduce jail and prison populations and reform criminal justice policy and practice, a comprehensive, inclusive, and actionable approach has been relatively absent from the conversation. Such an approach is only possible if criminal justice stakeholders agree upon the foundational objectives that can generate lasting decarceration. In this report, we offer guideposts and actionable strategies for the era of smart decarceration in America.

Category: Smart Decarceration
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data on reasons other than criminal behavior that 5-Key Model study participants report they were re-arrested.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
perspectives

Early Lessons from the Multistate Study of the 5-Key Model for Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This chapter presents key themes that have emerged during Phase 1 of the 5-Key Model study, currently being implemented in Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas. In addition to describing the 5-Key Model intervention and the study sample, the authors explore the psychological toll of reentry on individuals and families, barriers to reentry success and how the 5-Key Model responds to those barriers, and the early deaths of study participants after they released from incarceration and returned home.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
going back to jail

Going Back to Jail Without Committing a Crime: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Sixth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which presents reasons other than criminal behavior for which study participants report they were re-arrested. These technical violations significantly contribute to recidivism across the nation and bring hundreds of thousands back to jail every year. Readers are asked to consider whether current policy meets the stated goals of probation and parole.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
5-Key preliminary policy results

Employment and Behavioral Health-5-Key Model Preliminary Results for Policy Stakeholders

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh

This report features preliminary 5-Key Model results on study participant employment and behavioral health outcomes approximately eight months post-release. Results are presented by state to maximize usefulness to policy stakeholders.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
deferred prosecution programs

Deferred Prosecution Programs: An Implementation Guide

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Matthew Epperson, Annie Grier, Megan Kraatz, Leon Sawh, Stephanie Kennedy

Deferred prosecution is one prosecutor-led diversion mechanism that has the potential to reduce criminal justice involvement and incarceration rates while maximizing public safety.

Category: Smart Decarceration, Diversion, Deferred Prosecution
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report highlights the reentry period - leaving incarceration and returning home - as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. 

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
when death follows release

When Death Follows Release: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fifth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which highlights reentry as the highest risk time for death in a formerly incarcerated individuals’ life. The purpose of this report is to explore the deaths that occur during the reentry period from several different vantage points. Composite cases of 6 individuals are presented, each representing typical life experiences of individuals who die soon after leaving prison. 

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

This report contains interviews from four study participants involved in the 5-Key Model. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. The interview explored participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and solicited advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Click Here to access the One Page Summary from our Fourth Quarterly Report.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
Voices of 5-Key Model Participants

Voices of 5-Key Model Participants: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Fourth Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which contains interviews from four study participants. The purpose of this report is to highlight the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. Interviews explore participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and their advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being