Tanya Renn

Protocol: Multi-site RCT of Comprehensive Trauma Informed Reentry Services for young males releasing from state prisons

Protocol: Multi-site RCT of Comprehensive Trauma Informed Reentry Services for young males releasing from state prisons

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi, Sarah Tamburri

Research suggests untreated trauma symptoms contribute to high rates of incarceration and re-incarceration among young males. As trauma symptomatology can increase during reentry, implementing trauma treatment during this time is critical. This study evaluates the impact of the Resiliency in Stressful Experiences (RISE) program for 18-35-year-old incarcerated males releasing from prison and will provide critical information about how trauma-informed reentry programming impacts traditional reentry outcomes and identify key mechanisms of action. 

Category: Study Protocol, Trauma, Men
Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Measuring Well-Being During Reentry

Published: | Author: Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy, Carrie Pettus

A growing number of scholars and reentry practitioners are seeking alternative approaches to identify how community stability and success can be measured for those returning home from incarceration to our communities. Our team developed a well-being-oriented conceptual framework – the Well-Being Development Model – and a manualized reentry program approach – the 5-Key Model for Reentry – which focus on human potential and thriving.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

The Well-Being Development Model: A Theoretical Model to Improve Outcomes among Criminal Justice System–Involved Individuals

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Christopher Veeh, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This article proposes a new conceptual framework, the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM), to support the development, implementation, and assessment of innovative reentry interventions designed to increase well-being among the millions of individuals released from prisons and jails each year. In contrast to prominent models guiding reentry services, the WBDM increases incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals’ capacity to reach their full potential while addressing common problems and barriers to success.

Category: Well-Being, Reentry
Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Behavioral Health Literacy: A New Construct to Improve Outcomes Among Jail Residents

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus, Stephanie Kennedy, Tanya Renn, Stephen Tripodi

Jail residents have disproportionate rates of behavioral health disorders (BHDs); untreated BHD symptoms bring people into jail settings and are associated with re-arrest after release. Although lack of motivation to seek out and engage in BHD treatment is often used to explain these outcomes, individuals may have limited knowledge about BHDs and their symptoms, when and why treatment is warranted, and how to access treatment. We propose a new construct called behavioral health literacy to facilitate linkage between individuals with BHDs and appropriate treatment options.

Category: Mental Health, Substance Use, Reentry
victims and offenders

The Role of Preparatory Programming in Increasing the Effectiveness of a Sex Offender Treatment Intervention

Published: | Author: Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Melissa D. Grady, David Edwards, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Katherine Kelton

Increasing the effectiveness of programs designed to treat individuals who have sexually offended is a critical step in reducing the rates of sexual violence in our communities. Yet, the research on such programs have yielded inconsistent results with regards to their effectiveness in reducing sexual recidivism among participants. Some researchers have explored whether the dose of treatment impacts recidivism, but there remains limited knowledge around the dose-response relationship for individuals who have sexually offended.

Category: Sex Offenders
trauma incarcerated men

Associations of Childhood and Adult Trauma on Substance Misuse and Mental Health Among Incarcerated Men

Published: | Author: John Moore, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Carrie Pettus-Davis

Men are overrepresented in prisons and report higher rates of trauma exposure than the general population. This study examines the role of trauma exposure across the lifespan on substance use disorder, mental health status, and emotional well-being among incarcerated individuals nearing community reentry. Childhood trauma exposure severity was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive episode, and reduced emotional well-being. Adult cumulative trauma exposure was significantly associated with substance use disorder.

Category: Trauma, Mental Health, Substance Use
trauma and loss during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

This report presents data about the extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after they left incarceration and returned home. These stressful life events included losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death in the home or community, finding out about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing critical resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, Well-Being, 5-Key Model for Reentry
trauma during reentry

Trauma and Loss During Reentry: Key Takeaways

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Read key takeaways from the Seventh Quarterly Report from the 5-Key Model study which details extremely stressful life events experienced by study participants in the 8 months after release from prison including losing a loved one to homicide, having been violently assaulted, witnessing violence and death, learning about the death or serious injury of a loved one, being diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, and losing vital resources like housing, employment, income, transportation, and social support.

Category: Reentry, 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
survey doc prison-based programming

A Point-In-Time Survey of State Department of Corrections Prison-based Programming

Published: | Author: Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Christopher Veeh

Research indicates that providing services to incarcerated individuals increases the chance that they will be successful upon reentry to communities. The current study assessed the provision of services (i.e. trauma and reentry) in state departments of corrections (DOCs) throughout the United States. DOCs from all fifty states and the District of Columbia were contacted to determine what services were provided to prisoners, with 44 of 51 providing responses. Results suggest that DOCs provide a range of programming, as well as assessments.

Category: In-Prison Intervention
5-Key preliminary policy results

Employment and Behavioral Health-5-Key Model Preliminary Results for Policy Stakeholders

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh

This report features preliminary 5-Key Model results on study participant employment and behavioral health outcomes approximately eight months post-release. Results are presented by state to maximize usefulness to policy stakeholders.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Results for Policymakers
journal of offender rehabilitation

Intervention development study of the five-key model for reentry: An evidence-driven prisoner reentry intervention

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Jacob Eikenberry

Over the past decade and a half, substantial resources were poured into the development of prisoner reentry programs. However, the excitement that surrounded the initial rollout of reentry programs has begun to wane from a lack of substantive change to the number of individuals who return to prison. Therefore, this article details the development of an intervention that can provide a new path forward for prisoner reentry programs.

Category: 5-Key Model for Reentry, Well-Being
CriminalJusticeandBehavior

Pathways to Recidivism for women released from prison:A Mediated model

Published: | Author: Stephen Tripodi, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Kimberly Bender, Michael Fitzgerald, Tanya Renn, Stephanie Kennedy

Findings showed no direct relationship between childhood trauma and reincarceration for women in the sample, although there was a significant mediated relationship from childhood trauma to depression to reincarceration. Results suggest the importance of addressing incarcerated women’s trauma before release, assessing for depression, and using empirically-supported interventions to treat depression when applicable.

Category: Incarcerated Women, Reentry
unmet treatment need

Understanding unmet treatment need among formerly incarcerated men with substance use disorders: A mixed methods exploration

Published: | Author: Sara Beeler-Stinn, Tanya Renn, Carrie Pettus-Davis

This study identifies how formerly incarcerated men and their social support partners understand the treatment needs of substance use disorders how knowledge about substance use disorders impacts service utilization. Findings emphasize the need for psychoeducation during incarceration and after release on behavioral health issues and highlight the importance of incorporating social support into the treatment process.

Category: Reentry, Substance Use
journal of traumatic stress

What Trauma Looks Like for Incarcerated Men: A Study of Men’s Lifetime Trauma Exposure in Two State Prisons

Published: | Author: Maria Morrison, Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Christopher Veeh, Christopher Weatherly

While it is understood that high rates of trauma exposure are common among incarcerated male populations, there is limited data on the nature of the trauma exposure. This study examined the trauma histories of a randomly selected sample of 67 men incarcerated in the Missouri Department of Corrections. The analyses revealed several patterns among study participants, including near universal trauma exposure in adolescence with the most frequent exposures involving witnessing or being proximate to violent deaths of family and friends.

Category: Trauma
Proposing a population-specific intervention approach to treat trauma among men during and after incarceration.

Proposing a population-specific intervention approach to treat trauma among men during and after incarceration.

Published: | Author: Carrie Pettus-Davis, Tanya Renn, Jeffrey Lacasse, Robert Motley

A significant treatment gap exists for incarcerated men with lifetime traumatic experiences. A small research base for trauma interventions for incarcerated women is emerging, but incarcerated men have largely been ignored. Men comprise 90% of the incarcerated population and are at the greatest risk to be rearrested for a new crime after release. 

Category: Trauma, In-Prison Intervention, Reentry